Culture and Cosmos is a peer-reviewed academic journal in the history of astrology and cultural astronomy published in association with the Sophia Centre for the Study of Cosmology in Culture, School of Archaeology, History and Anthropology, University of Wales Trinity Saint David

Vol 18 no 2 (Autumn/Winter 2014 will be published in July/August 2016. Vol. 19 (2015) will be a double issue featuring the proceedings of the 2013 Sophia Centre conference on Celestial Magic and is scheduled for publication in September/October 2016. Vol. 20 (2016) will be a double issue featuring the proceedings of the 2014 Sophia Centre conference on the Marriage of Heaven and Earth.

Volume 10

Two Mediaeval Manuscripts on the Worship of the Stars from the Fujii Eikan Collection

Ikuyo Matsumoto


A large number of mediaeval documents addressing specific liturgies directed to stars and planets and their iconographical and ritual representation have been preserved in Japanese private and public collections. The Fujii Eikan Archives, kept at the Art Research Centre of Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, comprises five manuscripts related to the worship of stars, including some hitherto unpublished material. They are essential texts for the study of star-related rituals and the nature of stars in the early medieval period. This article offers an analysis and translation of two of these texts, which represent different genres of ritual manuals devoted to celestial bodies. The first text consists of the liturgical prescriptions for a ritual dedicated to the Personal Star; the second outlines divinatory practices associated with the Nine Luminaries.

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