Culture and Cosmos is a peer-reviewed academic journal in the history of astrology and cultural astronomy published in association with the Sophia Centre for the Study of Cosmology in Culture, School of Archaeology, History and Anthropology, University of Wales Trinity Saint David

Vol 18 no 2 (Autumn/Winter 2014 will be published in July/August 2016. Vol. 19 (2015) will be a double issue featuring the proceedings of the 2013 Sophia Centre conference on Celestial Magic and is scheduled for publication in September/October 2016. Vol. 20 (2016) will be a double issue featuring the proceedings of the 2014 Sophia Centre conference on the Marriage of Heaven and Earth.

Volume 12, No. 1

Watching the Heavens with a ‘Rooted Heart’:The Mystical Basis of Aztec Astronomy

James Maffie

Aztec epistemology maintained that humans acquire knowledge of reality mystically using their hearts, not their five senses. What, then, was the epistemological status of observational astronomy? Aztec epistemology assigned a privileged role to mystical knowledge and an ancillary, propaedeutical role to observational astronomy. The epistemological evaluation of observational claims in Aztec astronomy occurred within a context of mystically rooted metaphysical, religious, and astrological background assumptions. These played an essential role in the epistemology of Aztec astronomy.

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