Culture and Cosmos is a peer-reviewed academic journal in the history of astrology and cultural astronomy published in association with the Sophia Centre for the Study of Cosmology in Culture, School of Archaeology, History and Anthropology, University of Wales Trinity Saint David

Vol 18 no 2 (Autumn/Winter 2014 will be published in July/August 2016. Vol. 19 (2015) will be a double issue featuring the proceedings of the 2013 Sophia Centre conference on Celestial Magic and is scheduled for publication in September/October 2016. Vol. 20 (2016) will be a double issue featuring the proceedings of the 2014 Sophia Centre conference on the Marriage of Heaven and Earth.

Volume 16

The Visualization Legacy of Galileo’s Medicean Moons

Michael Mendillo


When Galileo published Sidereus Nuncius in 1610, he introduced the visualization aspects of astronomy. While his portrayals of the Earth’s moon utilized his considerable talents in perspective and chiaroscuro drawing, the satellites of Jupiter were mere points of light depicted by star symbols embedded within his printed text. Within fifty years, the Harmonia Macrocosmica (1660) of Andreas Cellarius illustrated different cosmologies that included, when logically appropriate, Jupiter with companions of different sizes orbiting at different distances. Telescopic photographs and satellite images of Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto did not appear until the twentieth century. Yet, from the late seventeenth century up to the present time, illustrations, paintings and sculptures of the Galilean moons continued to appear in a remarkable breadth of uses and styles.

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