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Thunderbolt: Shaping the Image of Lucifer in the Cinquecento Veneto
Lacking a clear Scriptural base, medieval authors and illuminators often related the Fall of the Angels to natural phenomena. Ancient beliefs were brought into the source discussion by Early Modern authors, among them Vincenzo Cicogna (ca. 1519-ca. 1596) from the influential Church reformer circle of the Veronese bishop Gianmatteo Giberti (1495-1543). Cicogna argued that the thunderbolt would be a proper metaphor for the fallen Lucifer, but his ideas were unwelcomed by the Inquisition.