Culture and Cosmos is a peer-reviewed academic journal in the history of astrology and cultural astronomy published in association with the Sophia Centre for the Study of Cosmology in Culture, School of Archaeology, History and Anthropology, University of Wales Trinity Saint David

Vol 18 no 2 (Autumn/Winter 2014 will be published in July/August 2016. Vol. 19 (2015) will be a double issue featuring the proceedings of the 2013 Sophia Centre conference on Celestial Magic and is scheduled for publication in September/October 2016. Vol. 20 (2016) will be a double issue featuring the proceedings of the 2014 Sophia Centre conference on the Marriage of Heaven and Earth.

Volume 7, No. 1

Galileo as Astrologer

Antonio Favaro

Translated by Julianne Evans

Editor's Note: Until the 1990s, there was no published work on Galileo's astrology except for the two papers published here by Antonio Favaro in Italian. These are presented here in English translation for the first time.

Part 1: 'Galileo Astrologo'

Editor's Note: This trailblazing essay by Antonio Favaro was composed a decade before he first started to publish his twenty-volume Opere* of Galileo's complete works, and was published in the periodical Mente e Cuore in 1881. Greatly ignored by scholars, it has of late been alluded to by Poppi and Ernst. The footnotes differ from the original in being numbered sequentially through the whole article; endnotes are added by Nick Kollerstrom.

Part 2: Mathematics at the University of Padua before Galileo

Editor's Note: Padua was Europe's second oldest university, after Bologna. One seeks in vain for anything written about its chair of mathematics, beyond this single essay by Favaro. This neglect is presumably on account of the central role which it assigned to astrology, down through the centuries. Santillana's essay The Crime of Galileo makes what one must view as a fictional statement, that,when Galileo accepted the Chair at Padua in 1592, 'The chair of mathematics then covered the teaching of geometry, astronomy, military engineering, and fortification' . That could describe Padua's mathematics chair a century later, perhaps in the 18th century. The first two paragraphs of Favaro's essay are here translated, and in addition two of Galileo's letters about his mathematics lectures are here reproduced, showing that the students who attended them were either philosophers or medical doctors - the latter, in order to learn how to erect a horoscope for the onset of disease.

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